Biodiversity assessments of critical ecosystems, Sri Lanka

The Bundala National Park, covering an area of 6216 ha, is located about 250 Km Southeast of Colombo, in the Hambantota District. Recognizing the importance of Bundala as an important habitat for wildlife, it was declared a Sanctuary under the Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance in 1969, and later upgraded to a National Park in 1992. The shallow brackish water lagoons located within the park - Koholankala (390 ha), Malala (650 ha), Embilikala (430 ha) and Bundala (520 ha) form a complex wetland system that harbours a rich bird life, including several species of migratory waterfowl. This led to the declaration of Bundala as Sri Lanka's first Ramsar wetland - a wetland of international importance especially for migratory waterfowl, in 1990. There has been growing evidence that this protected area is deteriorating due to several anthropogenic factors. The Ramsar Convention, also requires contracting parties to assess the status of Ramsar wetlands at regular intervals. Therefore, in order to contribute towards the conservation and management of the Bundala National Park and Ramsar Wetland, IUCN - Sri Lanka undertook a biodiversity assessment during the first half of the year 2001. The survey enabled to document the current status of biodiversity and the threats faced by this globally significant wetland
Bundala National Park/Ramsar Wetland
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