Environmental Indicators , Central Asia

This report on ‘Environmental Indicators for Central Asia’ has been prepared to present the trends of twenty nine key indicators on air, water, land and biodiversity. It also presents trends on social and economic conditions through the selected indicators. Data have been collected for each indicator for each country in Central Asia for 1990, 1995 and 2000. This report provides an assessment of economic, social and environmental conditions in Central Asia based on available data and information. Lack of updated scientific database has been a major challenge in preparation of the report.

This report highlights that the Central Asian economies, which were adversely affected by the political changes in the Soviet Union in the earlier half of the 1990s, picked up during the second half of the decade. By the year 2000, the GDP growth rate in Central Asia had exceeded the average growth rate of Asia and Pacific, and the World. Poverty is a growing concern in the Central Asian republics and steady economic growth is needed to mitigate poverty. Land degradation is an issue of concern in the Central Asian republics, leading to a reduction in the amount of arable land. Agricultural run-off is the main cause of water pollution. Central Asian republics are also facing air pollution in their major cities as well as transboundary air pollution. The biodiversity in this sub-region is under increased pressure due to environmental degradation.

UNEP hopes that the ‘Environmental Indicators for Central Asia’ will be a useful document for government, non- government, regional and international organizations in the pursuit of developing policies and action plan. UNEP gratefully acknowledge the contribution of Environment Ministries, agencies, institutes and individuals in the preparation of the report.   More details...

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