The baseline studies and national action plan has already prepared for Bhutan. In general, Bhutan is undergoing significant industrialization and urbanization. In urban areas, the number of vehicles and industries has been increasing. Although air pollution is not yet a major issue, incidences of urban air pollution are becoming more evident and is mainly due to vehicular and industrial emissions, indoor air pollution and forest fire. It was found out that Bhutan has a poor capacity to study its air pollution trend. No monitoring stations were available except only for monitoring vehicular emission. Among the pollutants monitored includes SPM, Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen oxides and Carbon dioxide. Nevertheless, the proposed national action plan is viewed as vital in addressing the need of Bhutan to control and prevent air pollution.