The Central Asian sub-region consists of the following sovereign countries – Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Republic of Uzbekistan.
After the collapse of former Soviet Union the Central Asian countries, with their identical historical, social and religious traditions have faced a number of similar economic, social and environmental problems. Common environmental problems in the subregion have galvanized the regional cooperation among the countries, which consider the move towards environmental security and sustainable development as priority. Taking into consideration the global significance of the Aral Sea disaster and overall critical environmental situation in Central Asia the heads of the States have concluded an Agreement on mutual actions on solving Aral Sea problem as well as improvement of environmental situation for better socio-economic development of the region. This Agreement was the first of its nature legal document aimed at introduction of sustainable development concept of the Central Asian states under conditions of Aral Sea crisis. Heads of the States have several times expressed their commitment to sustainable development having noted that provision of sustainability is a key prerequisite for socio-economic development of the Aral Sea basin. The Nukus (1995), Almaty (1997), Ashgabat (1999), and Dushanbe (2002) declarations
have been signed. Within the framework of IFAS activities the Heads of Central Asian countries conduct comprehensive analysis of the current state and development prospects of cooperation between the countries of sub-region.
Considering water as the main trans-boundary issue for the sub-region, the presidents of the States have agreed that water management component should have an eco-system approach and implemented in a harmless manner taking into account the interests of all countries. Besides it was proposed that water provision for population of the Aral Sea Basin should be a priority measure to improve social-ecological conditions.